Garment construction is an essential element of fashion designing, serving an essential function in translating designs on paper into finished garments. It involves all the steps involved in sewing a piece of cloth into something beautiful and functional that meets a wearer’s needs and requirements – including stitching, fabric hemming, darts and pleats among many others. Garment construction requires time, energy and dedication. However, its effects can have lasting ramifications on product quality, fit, fitness, comfort levels of the final garment produced.
Garments and clothing play an integral role in meeting our three basic human needs – social, emotional and physical. Clothes allow us to express ourselves freely while creating an identity of sorts, building self-esteem and confidence and protecting us from external elements. Thus they have become an indispensable part of daily life and a great form of art requiring in-depth sewing knowledge in order to turn designs onto paper into garments worn on our bodies.
Pattern making and design process focus on identifying desired features of garment, while garment construction studio provides an opportunity to put those ideas and concepts into action. This experience gives students insight into garment manufacturing industry workings.
Fabric choice and garment construction processes are an integral component of design. Fabric selection should match both the garment’s intended use and its intended aesthetics, being both comfortable to wear for extended periods and stretchy enough so as to allow movement while being elastic enough not to restrict mobility – particularly important when worn during active pursuits such as running, swimming or climbing. Breathable linings in garments also add comfort, decreasing frictional forces between layers while keeping fabrics from binding together during wearer movement.
Stitching techniques used in garment construction are just as critical to its overall design. There are literally hundreds of stitches and variations used across garment industry – this can be intimidating for new designers who lack experience knowing which stitches will best serve particular tasks.
There are some staple seams and sewing techniques used in nearly every garment, such as serged edges, cover stitches and hemming. All three techniques create professional looking fabric edges while preventing fraying; serging can be accomplished using a serger machine while cover stitches feature multiple needles for dense stitching density and durability; while hemming can involve simple fold-over to the right side or even using a zigzag stitch for added effect.
Add accurate stitch callouts to tech packs and spec sheets in order to reduce guesswork for manufacturers and ensure that clothing will be sewn correctly. Also useful are providing detailed instructions regarding any special techniques used when sewing garments.